To be honest: Data Quality tools today only solves a very few of the data quality problems you have. On the other hand, the few problems they do solve may be solved very well and can not be solved by any other line of products or in any practically way by humans in any quantity or quality.
Data Quality tools mainly support you with automation of:
Data profiling is the ability to generate statistical summaries and frequency distributions for the unique values and formats found within the fields of your data sources in order to measure data quality and find critical areas that may harm your business. For more description on the subject I recommend reading the introduction provided by Jim Harris in his post “Getting Your Data Freq On”, which is followed up by a series of posts on the “Adventures in Data Profiling part 1 – 8”
Saying that you can’t use other product lines for data profiling is actually only partly true. You may come a long way by using features in popular database managers as demonstrated in Rich Murnanes blog post “A very inexpensive way to profile a string field in Oracle”. But for full automation and a full set of out-of-the-box functionality a data profiling tool will be necessary.
The data profiling tool market landscape is – opposite to that of data matching – also characterized by the existence of open source tools. Talend is the leading one of those, another one is DataCleaner created by my fellow countryman Kasper Sørensen.
I take the emerge of open source solutions in the realm of data profiling as a sign of, that this is the technically easiest part of data quality tool invention.
Also here some popular database managers today have some functionality like the fuzzy grouping and lookup in MS SQL. But in order to really automate data matching processes you need a dedicated tool equipped with advanced algorithms and comprehensive functionality for candidate selection, similarity assignment and survivorship settlement.
Data matching tools are essential for processing large numbers of data rows within a short timeframe for example when purging duplicates before marketing campaigns or merging duplicates in migration projects.
Matching technology is becoming more popular implemented as what is often described as a firewall, where possible new entries are compared to existing rows in databases as an upstream prevention against duplication.
Besides handling duplicates matching techniques are used for correcting postal addresses against official postal references and matching data sets against reference databases like B2B and B2C party data directories as well as matching with product data systems all in order to be able to enrich with and maintain more accurate and timely data.
Automation of matching is in no way straightforward and solutions for that are constantly met with the balancing of producing a sufficient number of true positives without creating just that number of too many false positives.