Frank Diana has over the years written a lot of splendid articles on the business ecosystem theme. The latest post is called Monetization Strategies in Emerging Ecosystems.
In here Frank has this question: Do ecosystems represent an opportunity to establish non-traditional revenue streams (e.g. monetizing data)?
I think so. One example very close to me is how merchants, shippers and manufacturers can work closely together in not only moving the goods between them in an efficient way, but also moving the product information between them in the most efficient way.
This opportunity for traditional ecosystems (or value chains if you like) was recently examined in the post called Wrapping Data Around Tangible Products.